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Importance of Oral Health During Pregnancy

The phase of pregnancy is overwhelming, and your whole body goes haywire

Hormones play their role, and you are overeating at all odd times. Even the hormonal changes make your gums more irritated and inflamed. It is common to experience red, puffy or tender gums that bleed while brushing.

The excessive build-up of plaque is witnessed on the tooth. During pregnancy when as it this there are so many things going on bad oral health is definitely a messed situation.

How to Prevent Bleeding Gums During Pregnancy?

Taking good care of your teeth before pregnancy is the key to healthy oral health during pregnancy. Careful brushing and gentle flossing will help you save your teeth from the hormonal imbalances during pregnancy.

Since there is a close link between gum diseases in pregnant ladies to premature birth with low birth weight, and this can result in various health hazards in the child. As per the researches, almost 18 out of 100 premature births are a result of periodontal disease. Using a fluoride toothpaste brush your teeth and along the gum line for twice a day with a soft toothbrush for healthy gums and teeth.

Pay Visit To The Dentist Regularly

Before conceiving try to visit the dentist so that in case if you require dental treatment, it can be done. During the pregnancy, many medications and procedures may not suit you, and moreover, due to morning sickness or lethargy, you may not be able to handle the dental treatment. 

Visit Dentist During Pregnancy

If you are pregnant and it is only now that you are heading to the dentist, make him aware of the fact. The dentist will do the check and will inform you about the proper dental care regime. Dentists are doctors and are extremely cautious while prescribing the medicines to the pregnant lady as certain medicines can have a negative impact on the fetus and its teeth.

Morning Sickness and Teeth

During pregnancy morning sickness or gastric reflux is common. The stomach contents are acidic, and they coat the teeth when you vomit. This acid is harmful to the teeth and can result in dental erosion and trigger tooth decay by dissolving the protective tooth enamel. To protect your teeth from acid do the following:

  1. do not brush your teeth for at least 30 minutes after reflux or vomiting, this will enable the enamel to recover from the acid attack.
  2. Always rinse the mouth after vomit so that the acid wash away. Then use a toothpaste which has fluoride to refresh your mouth as well as to strengthen the enamel.

Importance of Brushing

The importance of brushing cannot be denied, and the importance increases during pregnancy. Brush your teeth twice daily firstly before breakfast in the morning and secondly after the last meal at night before you go to sleep. You may gag while brushing, so using a small soft bristle brush that is specifically meant for kids could solve this problem. Also, focus on your breathing while you brush even this may help. Even brushing with toothpaste that is meant for kids could help.

  • Fluoride: Fluoride works to strengthen the teeth and prevents decay. Also, it has no side effects and does not harm the child. Thus after consulting with the doctor, it may be included in your regime.
  • Dental X-ray: If the x-ray can be avoided and still if required ask the professional, and it will be done with utmost care and protection.

Craving For Certain Foods:

  1. a) Eating sugary or acidic snacks often can increase the risk of tooth decay and erosion.
  2. b) try to consume snacks that are high in fibre and low in sugar, fat and salt.
  3. c) Drink tap water
  4. d) rinse your mouth thoroughly with water between the meals.

Calcium and pregnancy

Calcium is utterly crucial for the development of baby’s bones and teeth. Calcium and phosphorus come from your diet or bones if needed. Include the following in your diet so that you receive maximum calcium:

  1. milk and milk products
  2. dairy products like cheese and yogurt, or soy milk, calcium tablets as prescribed by a doctor can also be taken
  3. any food product that you are consuming should have calcium as one of its ingredients
  4. dietary supplements that are high in calcium content should be consumed.

Passing Decay Causing Bacteria to Your Baby

At birth, babies don’t have any decay-causing bacteria in their mouth. Everyone apart from the newborns has different levels of decay-causing bacteria in their mouth. The bacteria is transferred from one person to another.

Decay-causing bacteria is transferred from family members to the babies while cleaning them or using the same spoon to feed them. As soon as the first teeth appear, the fear of child getting the bacteria starts. Thus people who come in contact with the child should maintain good oral hygiene. They need to get their decay treated so that the child is also safe from them.

Dental Treatment During Pregnancy

Always consult your gynaecologist before heading for any dental treatment and clarify your situation to the practitioner before the treatment.


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